How to Start an LLC in Maine

L L C members happy after starting an L L C in Maine

It’s easy to form an LLC in Maine yourself. Just follow these steps:

  1. Name Your LLC
  2. Choose a Registered Agent
  3. File the ME Certificate of Formation
  4. Create an LLC Operating Agreement
  5. Get an EIN

Or, use a professional service:

four point eight out of five stars Northwest Registered Agent ($29 + State Filing Fee)

three point four out of five stars LegalZoom ($79 + State Filing Fee)

Starting an LLC in Maine Is Easy

You can form a Maine LLC by filing the Certificate of Formation with the Secretary of State. The cost to create an LLC in Maine is $175.

Follow our How to Start an LLC in Maine guide below to get started.

Steps to form an L L C in Maine

For more information on how to form an LLC in any state, visit our How to Start an LLC guide.

Step 1: Create A Name For Your Maine LLC

Before you register your Maine LLC, you'll need to come up with a name. Your business name needs to be catchy for branding purposes and legitimate for legal purposes.

We go into depth on this topic in our LLC naming guide. We’ll go over the basics below.

Naming Your LLC

First, brainstorm some possibilities. Use our LLC name generator to get the ideas flowing.

Next, make sure your name meets Maine guidelines:

  • it contains the words limited liability company, limited company, LLC, or L.L.C.
  • it doesn't contain restricted words or phrases (these often include words like bank, attorney, and university) without approval
  • it's distinguishable from any other entity or trade name registered in Maine
  • full list of Maine naming guidelines

Next, do a Maine LLC name search with the Secretary of State to find out if your name is available in Maine.

If your business name is available and meets guidelines, you’ll be able to register it when you file your Certificate of Formation with the Secretary of State.

Is the URL available? Before you commit 100% to a name, check to see if there’s a good web domain available.

We recommend buying your domain right away because even if launching a business website isn’t on your radar right now, it will be soon.

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Once you register a domain name for your LLC, consider setting up a business phone system to establish credibility and enhance your customer service. Nextiva provides a plethora of useful features and a quick, easy setup. Try Nextiva.

Using a Maine Assumed Name or Fictitious Name (DBA)

A Maine DBA (doing business as), also known as an assumed name or fictitious name, is any registered name that a business operates under that isn't its legal business name. An assumed name or fictitious name can be used by any type of business, including a sole proprietorship, partnership, or limited liability company (LLC).

Learn how to get a DBA in our Maine DBA guide.

Step 2: Appoint A Maine Registered Agent

When you file your Certificate of Formation, you'll need to list a registered agent.

A registered agent's job is to accept legal documents like service of process and tax notices for your LLC. To learn more about Maine Registered Agents, read our guide.

Your registered agent can be a person or a registered agent service. You can act as your own registered agent, but many business owners choose to use a registered agent service.

Here are a few things to think about before you decide to act as your own registered agent:

  • You’ll need to be available during normal (9 am - 5 pm) business hours at the address you provide
  • If you run your business from home, you’ll have to make your personal address public
  • You could be served with a lawsuit in front of your family or coworkers

Recommended: Northwest Registered Agent offers a free year of registered agent services when you form your LLC ($29 plus state fees).

Step 3: File a Maine LLC Certificate of Formation

It’s time to officially form your LLC by filing your Certificate of Formation with the Maine Secretary of State.

You can fill out and file the Maine LLC Certificate of Formation and mail it in. The filing fee is $175. 

Recommended: Now is a good time to decide if your LLC will be member-managed vs manager-managed.

You'll need to know the following information to complete the form:

  1. Entity Name
  2. Entity Type
  3. Registered Agent Name and Registered Office Address
  4. Filing Date

For more detailed help with completing the form, visit our Maine Certificate of Formation guide.

Mail Your Certificate of Formation:

Send the form and payment (payable to the Secretary of State) to:

Secretary of State
Division of Corporations, UCC, and Commissions
101 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333

How long does it take to get a Maine LLC approved? LLC processing time is 5 to 10 business days, but can be expedited for an additional fee.

Step 4: Create an Operating Agreement

Creating a Maine LLC operating agreement is the only way to legally lock down your LLC’s management and ownership structure. Having an operating agreement in place will give you something to return to if a dispute or lawsuit arises. 

Even single-member LLCs benefit from having an operating agreement.

Your operating agreement should outline the following:

  • Each member’s responsibilities
  • How new members will be admitted
  • How existing members may transfer or terminate their membership
  • How profits and dividends will be distributed

You can add as many provisions as you want, as long as they don't conflict with Maine law. Take a look at our What is an Operating Agreement guide to learn more.

Download a template or create a custom Free Operating Agreement using our tool.

Step 5: Get An EIN

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is like a Social Security number (SSN) for your company. The IRS and the state of Maine will use this number to track your business activity.

Your EIN will come in handy when it’s time to:

  • Open a business bank account
  • File Federal and State taxes
  • Hire employees

The best way to get an EIN for your LLC in Maine is by using the free online application on the IRS website.

Read our Get an EIN guide for instructions.

Need Help Forming an LLC?

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Steps After Forming an LLC in Maine

After forming your Maine LLC, it's important to:

Open A Business Bank Account

A business bank account helps separate personal expenses and company expenses, which is required to maintain your Maine LLC's corporate veil. A corporate veil protects your personal assets from creditors in potential lawsuits against your LLC or Business.

Learn more by reading this guide to Banking for Entrepreneurs. For a multi-member LLC, you'll also want to set up capital accounts for members. We also recommend checking out our review of the best business bank accounts.

Get A Business Credit Card

A business credit card will help separate personal and business expenses while building your company's credit history. A strong credit history will be useful for raising capital in the form of venture capital, angel investment, or small business loans.

Set Up Business Accounting 

Hiring a business accountant is one of the best ways to ensure you’re taking advantage of LLC tax benefits; possibly saving you and your business thousands of dollars per year.

When forming an LLC in Maine, it’s a good idea to start a relationship with a business accountant as soon as you start your business to help set your company up for success.

Get Business Insurance 

Business insurance helps manage risk. The most common forms of business insurance are general liability, professional liability, and workers’ compensation.

Find out the real cost of getting insurance for your business. Get a free quote or call 855-965-3168.

Keep Your Company Compliant

Research Maine Business Licenses and Permits

To operate an LLC in Maine, you will need to comply with federal, state, and local government regulations such as health permits, building permits, and signage permits. 

Business licensing and permit requirements vary from state to state. To get started, visit our How to Get a Maine Business License guide. To help facilitate this process, you can also utilize a business license services.

File Your Maine LLC Annual Report

Maine requires all LLCs to file an annual report by June 1 each year with the Department of the Secretary of State. This can be done online or by submitting a preprinted form by mail. The filing fee for both options is $85.

Understand Maine State Tax Requirements

Maine businesses selling a physical product are generally required to register for a seller’s permit through the Maine Department of Administrative & Financial Services website. Visit our Maine Sales Tax guide to learn more about seller’s permits and Maine sales tax.

Additionally, if you have employees in Maine, you will need to register for unemployment insurance tax through the Maine Department of Labor’s ReEmployME Portal, as well as sign up for employee withholding tax through the Maine Department of Administrative & Financial Services website.

Understand Your Maine LLC’s Federal Tax Requirements

Most Maine LLCs will need to report their income to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) each year using Form 1065 Partnership Return (multi-member LLCs) or Form 1040 Schedule C (single-member LLCs).

How you pay yourself will affect your federal taxes. Visit our guide to learn more about how to pay yourself from your LLC.

Know Your Maine LLC’s Federal Tax Election Options

Pass-through taxation entails a business’s profits passing through to the LLC member’s individual tax returns. Like a sole proprietorship, an LLC is taxed as a pass-through entity, also known as a disregarded entity. 

Once this process is completed and after any tax-deductible expenses are taken out, the LLC members pay self-employment taxes and income tax on their portion of the business income. 

Alternatively, Maine LLCs can choose to elect to be taxed as an S corporation (S corp) or C corporation (C corp). If S corporation tax status is elected, LLC members can be taxed as employees of the business, potentially reducing tax burden.

More LLC Resources

  • Maine Foreign LLCs: Forming a foreign LLC allows your company to operate as one entity in multiple states. Download the Maine foreign LLC form to get started.
  • Maine Certificate of Good Standing: A certificate of good standing verifies that your LLC was legally formed. To order, follow our Maine certificate of good standing guide.
  • Dissolving a Maine LLC: If you are ready to dissolve your LLC, follow the steps in our Maine LLC Dissolution Guide.
  • LLC Legal Forms: TRUiC offers a number of free LLC legal forms including operating agreements, LLC resolutions, and hiring documents.

Need Help Forming an LLC?

Read our Best LLC Services review to learn more about pricing and packages.