How to start a business in Kentucky (7 Simple Steps)

Step 1) Plan Your Business Idea

Write a Business PlanBefore you do anything else, you need to nail down a business plan.

  • Your business plan is your quite literally your business’ blueprint for success, and it’s a crucial first step.
  • This is where you’ll have the opportunity to strategize and get clarity on your mission, budget, marketing approach, and overall goals.
  • Without knowing what your goals are, how do you expect to achieve them?

Too many entrepreneurs breeze over this step because they find it intimidating, but with the resources available, business planning really isn’t as difficult as you might think. With the help of modern software and free online guides, you can hammer out a concise, presentable business plan in a matter of hours.

Resource Recommendation:

Depending on the amount of time and money you’re willing to invest, there’s a range of business planning software solutions out there. A great way to dip your toe is to check out our reviews to get an idea of what these providers offer.

For details on the best business planning tools, take a look at our top 7 comparison. Alternatively, if you’d prefer to tackle this without the help of software, use our free business planning guide as a reference to keep you on track and organized. Sure, this part is going to require some laser-focus no matter what, but it’ll pay off in the long run.

Business Ideas: Find the Idea That Fits You Image

Don’t know what kind of business to start?

Our friends over at howtostartanllc.com have compiled a massive list of business ideas, ranging from personal styling to axe-throwing businesses.

If you’re having trouble finding the perfect business idea for you, we encourage you to check them out!

Step 2) Form Your Business

How to Choose a Business StructureGetting your business registered with the state is the next big step, but before doing that you’ll need to figure out what your business structure is going to be.

The major options are LLC (Limited Liability Company), S Corporation and C Corporation.

LLC: Most entrepreneurs choose to form an LLC because it offers some major perks. Forming an LLC requires less paperwork and overall maintenance than a corporation, but still separates you from the company so as to protect your personal assets. You’re also able to choose whether you’d like the business to be treated as a Corporation or LLC when tax time rolls around.

S Corp: Corporations have much more formal structures than LLCs. An S Corp can have up to 100 U.S. shareholders, and must have a board of directors and corporate officers. When it comes to federal taxes, an S Corp is considered a pass-through entity, meaning the company itself is not taxed – only the shareholders.

C Corp: C Corps differ from S Corps in two ways: 1) they can have unlimited shareholders from across the globe, and 2) they’re required to pay corporate taxes, so they face double taxation. Check out our guide on how to form a Kentucky Corporation for a closer look!

If you’re working without any partners, you can also choose to continue operating as a Sole Proprietorship (default for single-member businesses). In this case you won’t need to file anything with the state, but you can opt to file a DBA (Doing Business As). Sole Proprietorships are much riskier, though, as there’s nothing shielding you from business liability. Keep in mind that even if you’re the only member of your company, you can still form an LLC in Kentucky. Kentucky treats SMLLCs (Single Member Limited Liability Companies) exactly the same as other LLCs.

Resource Recommendation:

Choosing the right structure for your business is extremely important, so we highly recommend taking a look at our business structure comparison guide before settling on one. It can have serious repercussions if you don’t file with the state properly, so we also recommend considering an online incorporation service to make sure you don't gloss over any important details.

Step 3) Tackle License & Tax Obligations

Business LicensesDepending on the nature of your business, there are dozens of permits, licenses and taxes you may be responsible for.

Unfortunately, this is another area where there’s really no margin of error -- claiming ignorance won’t keep you from getting fined. But luckily, you have plenty of resources at your disposal to help set you up for success!

  • Federal: The U.S. Small Business Association website is the best resource for learning about federal licenses and permits for your business.
  • State: The Kentucky One-Stop Business Portal website should tell you everything you need to know about Kentucky license and permit requirements and state tax registration. However, we noticed it’s a little glitchy right now from a recent update, so you can also contact the Kentucky SBA District Office as an alternative.
  • Local: For city or county-specific requirements, you’ll need to contact your local Chamber of Commerce.
Resource Recommendation:

If you’re concerned about something slipping through the cracks, you can always recruit the help of a Business License Service. These companies will do all the research for you, down to the municipal requirements, and can even prepare all the necessary documents on your behalf for an extra fee.

Step 4) Separate Your Personal and Business Assets

Best Business Bank AccountUsing dedicated business banking and credit accounts is essential for personal asset protection.

Now that you’ve made it through registering and setting up taxes and licensing for your business, you’ll need to take steps to protect your personal assets and establish your business as an independent entity.

When your personal and business accounts are mixed, your personal assets (your home, car, and other valuables) are at risk in the event your business is sued. In business law, this is referred to as piercing your corporate veil.

You can go a long way in protecting your assets with these three steps:

  1. Open a business bank account.

A business bank account separates your personal assets from your company's assets, which is necessary for personal asset protection. A designated business bank account also makes accounting and tax filing easier.

To open up a bank account for your business, you’ll need to obtain an EIN (Employer Identification Number). You’ll use your EIN in place of your social security number so that this account is completely separate from your personal finances. After this, start doing your research on various business bank accounts. Local options and national banks, like Chase, both have their perks.

Get $200 when you open a business checking account with Chase. Learn more

  1. Get a business credit card.

A business credit card helps you separate personal and business expenses. A business credit card will also build your company's credit history, which can be useful to raise capital later on.

Learn about the best small business credit cards here.

  1. Designate an authorized representative.

Make sure all documents are signed by a representative of your LLC and not by you (or other LLC members) directly. This will help separate you from liability incurred by the LLC.

  1. Keep your accounting and bookkeeping up to date

Make sure to sync up your banking and credit card accounts with an accounting software like QuickBooks as soon as you get the chance. It’s never too soon to start organizing your business’ finances!

Step 5) Finance Your New Business

How to Finance a BusinessThanks to the internet, we have more access business funding in the present moment than ever before. From crowdfunding to angel investors, there are tons of opportunities for financing your business -- but not every method is right for everyone.

Resource Recommendation:

The Kentucky Small Business Development Center can be a great help when it comes to choosing a financing method.

  • They offer free financial consultations to help you identify what funding approach will work best for your business based on your product/service and financial performance.
  • They’ve got a dozen locations across the state, so odds are you’ll be able to find one nearby.

Kentucky’s Cabinet For Economic Development is another awesome resource.

  • On their website you’ll be able to get information about, and even apply for, fund-matching programs, small business tax credits, and other special methods for accessing capital.
  • Their Locating and Expanding In Kentucky page gets into the specifics of Kentucky’s most fruitful incentives and financial programs.
  • Regardless of what primary funding approach you end up using, their incentives are definitely worth taking a look at -- if only to know whether or not your business qualifies.

To start generating ideas for financing your business, head over to our How to Finance a Business guide where we explore various funding methods and the circumstances they’re best suited for.

Step 6) Build A Brand

Build a Business WebsiteAnother result of doing business in the internet era is that a professional brand presence really isn’t optional anymore: it’s necessary for your business’ success.

The first step you can take toward building your brand is creating a professional logo. Seems trivial, but there are actually a lot of things to keep in mind when designing your logo.

  • From choosing emotionally moving colors to including subliminal messages in your design, the right logo can do a lot for your business.
  • To get going on a killer logo that truly encapsulates your brand, check out our guide to choosing The Perfect Logo For Your New Business!

The second step is to craft a beautiful website that represents your business. We realize creating and maintaining a website sounds intimidating, especially if you aren’t tech-savvy, but there are tons of user-friendly web-building software out there.

Resource Recommendation:

Business website builders like StudioPress make it super easy to craft a gorgeous, professional website without the guesswork -- and $24 a month is nothing compared to the financial benefits of a having a beautiful website to illustrate your brand’s mission. Our buyer’s guide outlines and reviews the top 6 best website builders for entrepreneurs.

Step 7) Market Your Business

Social Media ChannelYou’ve been doing this all along, at least to some degree, and you created an initial marketing strategy in the process of writing your business plan. But once you’ve crafted your brand image, it’s time to really hammer down.

What is marketing your brand actually going to involve? Who’s going to be in charge? How flexible is your marketing budget, now that you’re a little further down the road?

Here are a few important rules of thumb for marketing your business:

  • Focus on doing one thing well. Don’t try to master content marketing, SEO, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram simultaneously. Concentrate on executing one approach flawlessly.
  • Stick with your strategy. Once you’ve laid out a marketing strategy, stick with it for a while. If you’ve invested the necessary research to find out where and how to reach your target audience, a little patience will most likely pay off.
  • Analyze, analyze, analyze. The only way to know whether or not your marketing strategy is working is to analyze the results. If after a few months you find that your target audience isn’t actually where you thought they’d be, you’ll need to adjust your strategy. Successful marketing requires a willingness to evolve.

This, of course, is just the tip of the marketing iceberg. For a more comprehensive exploration of small-business marketing, we encourage you to read our definitive guide.

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