How to Form an LLC in Florida

Woman at computer holding a mug, and text that says, "Start an LLC."

How To Use This Guide

It’s easy to form an LLC, just follow these steps:

  1. Name Your LLC
  2. Choose A Registered Agent
  3. File Formation Documents
  4. Create an Operating Agreement
  5. Get an EIN

Use A Professional Service

A professional LLC service will handle the entire formation process on your behalf, allowing you to focus on the other needs of your new business.

4.7 out of 5 stars ZenBusiness ($39 + state fee) for basic & quick LLC formation.

3.6 out of 5 stars LegalZoom ($79 + state fee) for the most popular LLC service available.

Starting a Florida LLC is Easy

You can set up a Florida LLC (Limited Liability Company) yourself by filing the Florida Articles of Organization with the Florida Division of Corporations. The cost to create an LLC in Florida is $125.

Follow our free How to Form an LLC in Florida guide below to get started today.

If you are thinking about hiring a professional service to form an LLC, read our Best LLC Formation Services review.

Steps to form an L L C in Florida

Step 1: Create a Name For Your Florida LLC

First off, in order to successfully start an LLC in Florida, you need to give it the right name. Your business name needs to be catchy for branding purposes and legitimate for legal purposes. We go into depth on this topic in our LLC naming guide, but we’ll go over the legal basics below.

Legally, your business name must:

  • Contain the words limited liability company, limited company, or the abbreviation LLC or L.L.C.
  • Not contain restricted words or phrases (these often include words like bank, attorney, and university) without proper approval.
  • Be distinguishable from any other entity (corporation, partnership, etc.) or fictitious name (DBA) registered in Florida.

For a complete list of naming rules, you can visit the Florida Division of Corporations' website.

If you’re having trouble coming up with a name that captures your brand, don’t let that stop you from forming your Florida LLC. For now, you can focus on the legal requirements and consider applying for a fictitious name (also known as a “doing business as” or “DBA”) after you’ve nailed down your branding.

What To Do:

Once you’ve decided what you’d like to call your LLC in Florida, do a SunBiz LLC Name Search to find out whether or not it’s in the cards. If your business name is available, you’ll be able to lock it down when you file your Articles of Organization.

Need help naming your LLC? Check out our LLC name generator to find the best name for your LLC.

Quick Note: Before you commit 100% to a name, you should see if there’s a decent URL available. Use GoDaddy to search for your options. If there’s a quality domain name for purchase, we advise buying it right away because even if launching a business website isn’t on your radar right now, it’s going to be soon.

Find a Domain Now

Service provided by GoDaddy.com

After registering a domain name, consider setting up a professional email account (@yourcompany.com). Google's G Suite offers a business email service that comes with other useful tools, including word processing, spreadsheets, and more. Try it for free

Step 2: Appoint a Florida Registered Agent

When you file your Articles of Organization, you must appoint a Florida registered agent.

Your registered agent will be responsible for receiving important legal documents like tax forms and service of process notices on behalf of your LLC. Your registered agent can be an individual resident of the state or a company that’s legally authorized to represent businesses in Florida.

Florida does give you the option to act as your own registered agent, but many business owners choose to appoint a professional instead. Here are a few things to think about before you decide to act as your own:

  • You must maintain normal (9 am - 5 pm) business hours at the address you provide.
  • If you run your business from home, you’ll be required to make your personal address public.
  • You must keep up on important notices, dates, and deadlines.
  • You could be served in front of your family or coworkers.

What To Do:

If you’re considering acting as your own registered agent, start doing some research with our registered agent guide. If you decide you’re up for the task, go ahead and list your own name and address on your Florida Articles of Organization.

If you’re leaning toward hiring a professional, we recommend using an LLC formation service as your registered agent. Many registered agent services offer up to one year of registered agent service free when you form your Florida LLC with them. 

Step 3: File the Florida LLC Articles Of Organization

Now that you’ve decided on a registered agent, it's time to file your Florida LLC Articles of Organization.

Florida has streamlined its formation process for businesses by allowing you to file everything online. However, filing in person or by mail are options, too. Either way, Florida's LLC formation documents ask for:

  • The full name of your company
  • The effective date your business will be formed (can be up to 5 business days prior to the date of submission/90 days after the date of receipt)
  • The mailing/street addresses of your LLC’s principal office
  • The name, street address and signature of your registered agent
  • The name and signature of every authorized member and manager
  • Your name and email address for confirmation and additional communication

You can submit this document online through the SunBiz website or submit it by mail or in-person

What To Do:

Filing in Florida can be easy, but we still recommend using an LLC formation service for this step. They’ll take the reins on the formation process and make sure your Articles of Organization are filed correctly.

One great option is ZenBusiness. In addition to great service, they give you a free year of registered agent service when you sign up.

Step 4: Create a Florida LLC Operating Agreement

While not legally required, creating a Florida LLC operating agreement is the only way for you and your members to fully define your roles and lock down your LLC’s management and ownership structure. Having this document in place will also give you all something to return to if a dispute or lawsuit arises.

Your operating agreement should outline the following:

  • each member’s responsibilities
  • how new members will be admitted
  • how existing members may transfer or terminate their membership
  • how profits and dividends are to be distributed

From there, you can add as many provisions as you want, provided they are not in conflict with Florida business law. Learn more about Operating Agreements in Florida here.

Quick Note: Download a template or create a custom Free Operating Agreement using our tool on How to Start an LLC. No credit card required, ever.

Step 5: Obtain an EIN For Your Florida LLC

The Employer Identification Number (EIN), Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN), or Federal Tax Identification Number (FTIN), is essentially a Social Security Number (SSN) for your company. State and federal agencies use this number to track your business activity.

Your EIN will come in handy when it’s time to:

  • Open a business bank account
  • File Federal and State taxes
  • Hire employees

We think the best way to get an EIN for your Florida LLC is by using the free online application on the IRS website. We prefer this method because it's the most efficient, but you can apply by phone, fax, or mail. You can read through our How to Get an EIN guide to find out how.

Maintain Your Florida LLC's Personal Asset Protection

Using dedicated business banking and credit accounts is essential for personal asset protection.

Now that you’ve made it through the formation process for your Florida LLC, you’ll need to take steps to protect your personal assets and establish your business as an independent entity.

When your personal and business accounts are mixed, your personal assets (your home, car, and other valuables) are at risk in the event your Florida LLC is sued. In business law, this is referred to as piercing your corporate veil.

You can go a long way in protecting your assets with these three steps:

1. Open a business bank account.

A business bank account separates your personal assets from your company's assets, which is necessary for personal asset protection. A designated business bank account also makes accounting and tax filing easier.

Recommended: You can get $300 when you open a Chase Total Business Checking® account with qualifying activities. Learn More.

2. Get a business credit card.

A business credit card helps you separate personal and business expenses. A business credit card will also build your company's credit history, which can be useful to raise capital later on.

Learn about the best small business credit cards here.

3. Designate an authorized representative.

Make sure all documents are signed by a representative of your Florida LLC and not by you (or other LLC members) directly. This will help separate you from liability incurred by the LLC.

Reduce the Liability of Your Florida LLC

Business Insurance

Business insurance helps you manage risk and focus on growing your Florida LLC. Carrying the right coverage protects your Florida LLC from liability and keeps you safe in the event of a loss.

The most common types of business insurance are:

  • General Liability Insurance: A broad insurance policy that protects your business from lawsuits. Most small businesses get general liability insurance.
  • Professional Liability Insurance: A business insurance for professional service providers (consultants, accountants, etc.) that covers claims of malpractice and other business errors.

There are free services available that quickly assess your business’s insurance needs. These services suggest customized policies with various insurance carriers so that you can choose the best value. One such reliable service is CoverWallet.

Labor Laws

You can reduce your Florida LLC’s liability by being fully compliant with employment laws such as:

  • Verifying new employees are allowed to work in the US.
  • Reporting employees as "new hires" to the state.
  • Withholding employee taxes.
  • Printing workplace compliance posters and placing them in visible areas of your workspace.

If you plan to hire employees, you might also be required to invest in Workers' Compensation Insurance. This type of policy provides coverage for employee job-related illnesses, injuries, or loss of life.

Find out more information from the Small Business Advice website under the Florida Business Resource page.

Stay Compliant

As a new Florida LLC, you will need to stay compliant with permits, licenses, taxes, and state filings. This is serious business; failure to comply can lead to fines, tax penalties, and dissolution (the end) of your Florida LLC.

Florida Business Licenses and Permits

To operate your Florida LLC, you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. The details of business licenses and permits vary from state to state, so make sure you research carefully and plan accordingly.

Find out how to obtain necessary licenses and permits for your business or have a professional business licensing service do it for you:

Federal: Use the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) guide.

State: Use Florida's Division of Corporations website.

Local: Contact your local county clerk and ask about local licenses and permits.

Sales Tax

If you are selling a physical product, you’ll typically need to register for a seller's permit through the Florida Department of Revenue website.

This certificate allows a business to collect sales tax on taxable sales.

Sales tax, also called "Sales and Use Tax," is a tax levied by states, counties, and municipalities on business transactions involving the exchange of certain taxable goods or services.

Here’s a sales tax guide to find out more.

Employer Taxes

If you have employees in Florida, you will need to register for Reemployment Insurance Tax through the Florida Department of Revenue.

Annual Report

Florida requires all LLCs to file an annual report. If you miss state filings like the annual report, you could face fines or even automatic dissolution. A quality registered agent service, like ZenBusiness, can help protect your assets by keeping track of filing requirements for you.

File online through the SunBiz website

Mail to:

Division of Corporations Clifton Building
2661 Executive Center Circle
Tallahassee, FL 32301

Due Date: The annual report is due by May 1st of every year after your formation year.

Late Filings: Florida charges a $400 penalty if you miss the May 1st filing deadline. In addition, failure to file your annual report by the third week of September will cause your LLC to be dissolved.

Fee: $138.75

Reduce Administrative Burden

There will be many demands on your time once you start your business. With that in mind, it’s a good idea to streamline your workflow and reduce administrative overhead from the get-go. The two most important business tasks to get help with are:

Accounting For Your Florida LLC

It's important to get your books in order — even if you haven't officially opened for business. A well-managed accounting system will help you:

  • Track your business finances, including bills, expenses, and income.
  • Simplify and file your annual taxes.

You can maintain your accounting in two ways:

  • Use a DIY accounting software. This can come with an increased risk of errors especially when starting a new business.
  • Hire an accounting service. They can provide comprehensive advice to help optimize your bookkeeping and taxes as well as additional services such as payroll etc.

Recommended: For most small businesses, we recommend using a reputable accounting service. Schedule a free tax consultation for your business now to avoid costly errors in the future.

Employee Payroll

If you have employees for your Florida LLC, a payroll service will save you a lot of time and also save you from having to become an expert on state compliance or employee tax withholdings and filings.

Gusto is a reliable and good payroll service for small businesses.

Need Help Forming an LLC in Florida?

Have a Professional Service Form Your Florida LLC For You

If you’ve got too much on your agenda to worry about all the paperwork and state-requirements, there are a handful of LLC formation services that can take care of everything for you.

Here are the two most popular:

ZenBusiness ($39 + state fee) = Best Price & Overall Value

LegalZoom ($79 + state fee) = Best For Brand Recognition

Useful Links for your Florida LLC