How to Name a New York Charity or Nonprofit Organization
Step 1: Brainstorming Names for your New York Charity
The first step in naming your nonprofit in New York is to brainstorm potential names. The main idea is to come up with several names you are interested in using and you will narrow them down in Step 2. When you begin brainstorming potential names for your New York nonprofit, we suggest you consider the following questions:
- What does your nonprofit do?
Come up with a list of action verbs that describe what your organization does. Depending on the nature of your organization, you may choose words like heal, protect, foster, feed, prevent, care, change, fight, etc.
- Who does your nonprofit help?
Think about who your organization serves and come up with a short list of nouns and adjectives. Some examples might include needy, children, animals, homeless, etc.
- Who are your members?
Sometimes, it might be worth mentioning who your members are, especially if they are essential to your organization’s purpose or inspired its mission. If applicable, you may want to include words like survivors, doctors, mothers, etc.
After coming up with a list of keywords you might use in your nonprofit’s name, begin drafting a list of potential nonprofit names. While brainstorming names, keep these general guidelines in mind:
- Memorable Words
Use words or phrases that truly resonate with your target audience and highlight your mission. Mission-specific words might include environment, love, justice, poverty, etc.
- Concrete > Abstract
Concrete words and phrases are typically something you can touch, smell, see, or taste. Abstract words and phrases, on the other hand, refer to ideas or concepts. When naming your nonprofit, concrete words are ideal, but you can often make abstract words concrete by adding additional words/phrases. For example, education is an abstract word, but Teach for America is more concrete. Another example includes poverty as an abstract word, and Eliminating Food Poverty is more concrete.
If your nonprofit’s name is more than one word, you have the opportunity to create and use a memorable acronym as part of your brand - think M.A.D.D. or YMCA.
Your nonprofit’s name will often be the first impression potential donors, volunteers, and stakeholders get of your organization and it’s imperative that you represent your organization properly. You want your supporters to be proud to write your organization’s name on a check or tell potential supporters about your organization.
In addition, ensure your organization’s name is grammatically correct and does not include alternate spellings of words or unusual punctuation. Although this might make your organization’s name more memorable, it could be memorable for all the wrong reasons.
- Showcase Your Mission
Consider showcasing the fact that your organization is a nonprofit. You may want to use words or phrases that are already associated with the nonprofit world like charity, foundation, nonprofit, etc.
After considering the questions and guidelines above, make sure you’ve compiled a list of potential names for your nonprofit. This is also a great time to research other nonprofits in your niche (and not in your niche) to see what you like, what you don’t like, and what may be appropriate for your organization. Write several potential names down and then proceed to Step 2.
Step 2: Narrow Down Your List
Once you have completed the brainstorming session and have a list of potential names, it’s time to narrow them down to the best ones. When narrowing down your list, ask yourself these four questions:
Is it Easy to Say?
Volunteers, donors, and members need to be able to easily say the name of your organization so they can promote it, spread awareness, and solicit funds. Ask 10 people not involved in the brainstorming process to say the names out loud multiple times and ask them for feedback.
Is It Simple to Spell?
Make your nonprofit’s name easy to spell. Complicated spellings will make it difficult for people to search for your organization online and checks written with spelling errors may be rejected by banks, which will not help you get funds you need to support your cause.
Does it Incorporate the Mission?
In one way or another, try to ensure your nonprofit’s name embodies its mission. If you plan to start a shelter, for example, the word “home” could embody the mission of providing a safe place for people. It also can spark warm, positive emotions that make people feel welcome. If your mission isn’t obvious from the name and donors are confused about what your nonprofit does, they are less likely to invest time or money to your cause.
Is it Memorable?
A name can be memorable because of its simplicity, because of the feelings it evokes, or even because of its acronym. While not every nonprofit needs a recognizable acronym, acronyms can definitely help those with especially long names. Make sure there is something about the name you select that makes it memorable.
In addition, names that use alliteration are also memorable. Alliteration is when you use the same sound at the beginning of each word. For example, American Airlines, Coca-Cola Company, Krispy Kreme, etc.
Step 3: Naming Rules of New York Nonprofits
Each state has its own requirements for naming a nonprofit or business. When coming up with a name for your nonprofit, keep the New York State Senate's legislation in mind:
- Your name cannot imply that your business was organized for any other purpose than what is set forth in your Certificate of Incorporation.
- Your name must include the words “corporation”, “incorporated”, or “limited” or an abbreviation of one of these words.
- Your name cannot use any words or phrases that may lead the general public to believe that your organization is acting as an agent of New York or the United States’ government.
- Your name cannot use any phrases or words that may be considered obscene or ridiculing any person, group, belief, etc. or indicate that your group will engage in unlawful activity.
- Your name cannot use the words or phrases:
- “doctor” or “lawyer” (unless special permission is obtained)
- “exchange” (unless you attach approval from the attorney general)
- “blind” or “handicapped” (unless you attach an approval from the state department of social services)
- “school”, “education”, “elementary”, “secondary”, “kindergarten”, “prekindergarten”, “preschool”, “nursery school”, “museum”, “history”, “historical”, “historical society”, “arboretum”, “library”, “college”, “university”, or other restricted terms (unless you attach approval from the state commissioner of education)
- “union”, “labor”, “council”, “industrial organization” (if it pertains to worker’s rights unless you attach an approval from the state board of standards and appeals)
Step 4: Check Name Availability
In addition to the requirements listed in Step 3, your name must be distinguishable from other businesses operating in the state of New York. To verify the availability of your nonprofit’s name, you should conduct a state-level business entity search and check to see that your desired URL is available.
1. Conduct a Business Entity Search
Your nonprofit’s name must be different than any existing corporation operating in New York. To verify that your nonprofit’s name is available, access the Department of State’s Corporation & Business Entity Database Search.
2. Check for URL Availability
You’ll also want to make sure that a relevant URL is available for your nonprofit. You can check for URL availability by searching GoDaddy®, an American internet domain registrar and web hosting company. Because your website will play an important role for your nonprofit — providing information on your organization, its programs, and how to donate — you should consider another name if an appropriate URL isn’t available.
Choosing your nonprofit’s name is an exciting step in creating your organization. As you evaluate potential options, carefully consider each name to ensure it’s memorable, it reflects your mission, and it can grow with your nonprofit. Once you select the right name for your organization — and confirm it complies with any legal requirements — you’ll move one step closer to spreading your message and services.
To learn more about how to form a nonprofit in New York, access our in-depth guide here.