What Types of Electric Vehicles Are There?
Electric vehicles fall into three different categories:
- Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV): Also known as Zero Emission vehicles, FCEVs are a type of electric vehicle that uses “fuel cell technology” to generate the required electricity. In these vehicles, the chemical energy of the fuel is converted directly into electrical energy.
- Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle (PHEV): PHEVs typically use batteries to power an electric vehicle and use other fuel, such as gasoline to power an internal combustion engine (ICE). PHEV batteries can be charged using a wall outlet or charging station. The vehicle typically runs on electric power until the battery is depleted, then the car automatically switches over to the Internal ICE.
- Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV): These electric vehicles use chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs, with no secondary source of propulsion like hydrogen fuel cells or internal combustion engines. Instead, BEVs use electric motors and motor controllers.
The Best Affordable Electric Vehicles
Electric vehicles require less maintenance, they are cleaner with no toxic exhaust fumes and oil spills. They also deliver better torque and have lower fuel costs.
The Tesla Model 3 is probably one of the most popular electric vehicles in the US right now, but not everyone can afford a $54,000 car with all the top-tier specs.
Here are a few affordable electric vehicles that are currently on the market.
Hyundai Kona EV
The Hyundai Kona EV has garnered a lot of good reviews. With a battery that is big enough to match the distance you can travel in a regular car. This car boasts a 64kwh battery and can travel up to 279 miles
Kia Niro EV
The 2020 Kia Niro EV is a fully electric version of the Kia Niro. Kia also sells the Niro as a regular hybrid and a plug-in hybrid, but the EV only uses electricity. For power, the Niro EV uses a 64kwh battery with a 201-horsepower electric motor that drives the front wheels.
Chevrolet Bolt EV
The latest Chevy Bolt EV is an inexpensive all-electric vehicle with a long driving range and spacious cabin. The Bolt EV can potentially last for 259 miles on one charge on both the base option and the higher-end Premier option. The motor has 200-horsepower and runs on a 66kwh battery.
Luxury Electric Vehicles
High-end hybrid cars are also available on the market, which offer extra features for a premium price. These features can include upgraded interiors, better performance capabilities, and top-tier safety features.
The 2020 Tesla Model S is the highest-rated vehicle in the luxury hybrid electric car class because of its quick acceleration and long range driving. The Porsche Taycan is also highly rated, with 560kw of torque an ability to go from 0 to 100km in 2.8 seconds with a top speed of 260km/h.
There has been a shift in balance for electric vehicles, with more advantages than disadvantages appearing. Previous shortcomings with early electric vehicles are quickly being fixed for a new generation of green driving.
Car companies of all persuasions are creating batteries that last longer, and the car bodies themselves are becoming more attractive and affordable. As international governments set their sights on greener nations, the electric vehicle becomes a more viable option for everyday consumers.