How to start a business in Montana (10 Simple Steps)

Step 1: Plan Your Business Idea

Write a Business PlanThe reason squaring away at least the initial draft of your business plan comes first is because it’s going to force you to really dig into your value propositions, refine/erase assumptions you may be stringing yourself along on, evaluate your current/forecasted financial situation objectively, and much more. You don’t go outside in a Western Montana winter without your coat on, and you don’t start a business without a game plan!

Take Action: Check out our 100% free Business Planning Guide designed to get you from A-to-Z as pleasantly as possible. Plus, we provide access to tons of other great tools along the way.

Business Ideas: Find the Idea That Fits You Image

Don’t know what kind of business to start?

Our friends over at have compiled a massive list of business ideas, ranging from personal styling to axe-throwing businesses.

If you’re having trouble finding the perfect business idea for you, we encourage you to check them out!

Step 2: Choose Business Structure & Register

How to Choose a Business StructureNow you will need to pick the type of business entity you want to register with the state. Doing this will secure your brand name, give you some tax benefits and protect your personal assets like house and car.

Most entrepreneurs form an LLC because it has all the benefits of a Corporation without the disadvantages like double taxation, board of directors or corporate officers. However if you're trying to take your company public or raise substantial outside capital, consider forming a Corporation.

Take Action: Since this step is so important and expensive if it's not done correctly, we highly recommend investing 10 minutes to go over your options through our business structure comparison guide. You'll get a better idea of the advantages and disadvantages of each while building a solid legal foundation for your business.

Step 3: Tackle Montana Tax Obligations

Small Business TaxesUnlike its vast network of stunner hiking, biking and ski trails the Montana tax code is pretty darn quick and easy to master. In fact, The Tax Foundation ranks 2016’s Montana business tax climate 6th-best on their index (0% Sales and Excise Taxes helps). As you’ll see, aspects of steps 2, 3 and 4 tend to blend together because they’re all the same category of red tape.

Take Action: If you’re doing this Lone Ranger-style without legal help, head on over to the Montana Department of Revenue’s website and leverage their Businesses Section. Their 2015 Corporate Income Tax Booklet is a free PDF you can use to get started as well.

Step 4: Obtain Licensing/Permits

Business LicensesThe next leg of this trek will be either very simple or a bit complex depending on a) what kind of business you’re in and b) where your business is located within Montana. Maybe you only need one simple business license to open shop, or perhaps zoning is involved, or even the public. Just be sure to do your research.

  1. For DIY’ers bookmark this alphabetical listing or index of Montana Licenses.
  2. Business License Service is great if you need help with licensing. They determine everything required on Federal, State, County and Municipal levels, get the forms, and provide step-by-step filing instructions.

Step 5: Open A Business Bank Account

Best Business Bank AccountThe next step is to pave the way for centralized, clean and tidy financial foundation for your new business. This is done by choosing a bank and creating dedicated business checking and savings accounts. After that, you can choose an accounting software to simplify your finances and be fully prepared at tax time.

Take Action

  • Shop around at local and national banks to compare features. We typically recommend national online banks like Spark Business from Capital One because of their ‘no fees’ or ‘no minimum balance’ policies. It just makes your life a lot easier as a business owner.
  • User-friendly, fast, secure, tons of automation, easier forecasting, more efficient marketing budgets…the benefits are near endless which is why this resource is indispensable when starting a business in Montana. Check out our guide to Business Accounting Software and sync whichever you choose with your new business bank account.

Step 6: Pick A Stellar Montana Location

How to Choose a Business LocationIf you’re setting up a physical business, or renting commercial space, then the first thing you need to know is that people in Montana are pretty spread out. Looking at 2013 numbers, the three bighorns are Billings, Great Falls and Missoula. Added together that only comes to roughly 241k souls…so about as many people are in those three cities as Laredo Texas. But they’re amazing people and everywhere you look is breathtaking.

Take Action: We know picking a spot can be tough if it doesn’t somehow happen naturally through your personal/professional networks. If you’d like to brush up on everything that goes into making this decision, refer to our friendly guide on How to Choose the Perfect Location.

Step 7: Finance Your Startup

How to Finance a BusinessTo be frank with you, outside funding from more conventional sources can be a smidgen more limited because Montana accounts for a small portion (less than 1%) of US GDP. VCs can be hard to come by in-the-flesh and many banks outside “bigger” cities are more used to lending to ranchers than modern companies. That said, CrowdFunding and Social Lending are very viable and accessible options as long as you have internet access and a bank account.

Take Action: The email course we mentioned in Step 1 really comes in handy here because planning and finances go together like Stroopwafels and cowboy boots. You can also browse our guide on How to Finance a Business to start generating ideas. If it applies, take your time on this step and always know exactly how much you need to get started.

Step 8: Design & Publish A Business Website

Build a Business WebsiteWithout a website today’s consumers/professionals take your brand about as seriously as a bull takes a naked rodeo clown. They’re default now, whether we’re talking ecommerce or the easy-responsive agency site that sums everything up on one page. No one’s saying you need a complex digital storefront, but there needs to be something online in place where potential customers can investigate who you are and what you’re about.

Take Action: The first step is finding the right platform, which thankfully there are a couple fantastic business website builders. Our favorites are Wix and Weebly. No matter which website builder you end up choosing, you’ll be in good hands since each one offers free support.

Step 9: Market Your Business

Social Media ChannelYep, it's time for the Big "M" word - marketing. It used to be so much simpler, then the internet came around and introduced a ton of different digital marketing methods that are still evolving today. Some of the best advice comes in two parts:

  1. Start as close to home as possible - friends, family, neighbors, and professional networks.
  2. Start small and build where engagement IS first/now, not where you'd like it to be in the future.

Take Action: Before throwing resources behind any marketing trend, see how well it stacks up against these. Is it close to home, or something you can reach out and touch (so to speak), and is it starting small with plenty of room to build?

Step 10: Continue Learning & Stay Inspired

Sign Up For Entrepreneur InterviewsOnce you’ve got steps 1 through 9 in the bag, consider Startup Savant as a reliable resource for not just tools of the trade, but motivating insight from fellow change-makers moving forward. We talk to entrepreneurs on a daily basis to learn their tips and tricks.

Take Action: Get an edge by following us on Facebook and Twitter to tap into our daily feed filled with tips, lessons, and inspiring stories directly from entrepreneurs like you.

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Continue Learning. Stay Inspired!