How to Set up an LLC in Massachusetts

L L C members happy after starting an L L C in Massachusetts

LLCs are the most popular structure for small businesses in Massachusetts. That's because starting and running a limited liability company (LLC) is very simple and offers important benefits.

LLCs can protect your personal assets (car, house, savings) if something happens to your business. LLCs also offer credibility and options to save on taxes.

It’s easy to form an LLC in Massachusetts online yourself. Just follow these steps:

  1. Name Your LLC
  2. Choose a Registered Agent
  3. File the MA Certificate of Organization
  4. Create an LLC Operating Agreement
  5. Get an EIN


Or, you can use an online LLC service to form an LLC:


four point seven out of five stars ZenBusiness ($39 + State Fees)

Three out of Five Stars LegalZoom ($149 + State Fees)

Starting a Massachusetts LLC is Easy

You can form a Massachusetts LLC online by filing the Massachusetts Certificate of Organization with the Secretary of the Commonwealth. The cost to create an LLC in Massachusetts is $500.

Follow our How to Set up an LLC in Massachusetts guide below to get started.

Steps to form an L L C in Massachusetts

Step 1: Create A Name For Your Massachusetts LLC

Before you register your LLC, you'll need to come up with a name. Your business name needs to be catchy for branding purposes and legitimate for legal purposes.

We go into depth on this topic in our LLC naming guide. We’ll go over the basics below.

Naming Your LLC

First, brainstorm some possibilities. Use our LLC name generator to get the ideas flowing.

Next, make sure your name meets Massachusetts guidelines:

  • it contains the words limited liability company, limited company, or the abbreviation LLC or L.L.C.
  • it doesn't contain restricted words or phrases (these often include words like bank, attorney, and university) without approval
  • it's distinguishable from any other entity or trade name registered in Massachusetts
  • full list of Massachusetts naming rules

Next, do a Massachusetts LLC name search with the Secretary of the Commonwealth to find out if your name is available in Massachusetts.

If your business name is available and meets guidelines, you’ll be able to register it when you file your Massachusetts Certificate of Organization with the Secretary of the Commonwealth.

Is the URL available? Before you commit 100% to a name, check to see if there’s a good web domain available.

We recommend buying your domain right away because even if launching a business website isn’t on your radar right now, it will be soon.

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Step 2: Appoint A Massachusetts LLC Resident Agent

When you file your Certificate of Organization, you'll need to list a registered agent, known as a resident agent in Massachusetts.

A registered agent's job is to accept legal documents like service of process and tax notices for your LLC.

Your registered agent can be a person or a registered agent service. You can act as your own registered agent, but many business owners choose to use a registered agent service.

Here are a few things to think about before you decide to act as your own registered agent:

  • You’ll need to be available during normal (9 am - 5 pm) business hours at the address you provide
  • If you run your business from home, you’ll have to make your personal address public
  • You could be served with a lawsuit in front of your family or coworkers

Recommended: Most registered agent services offer a year of registered agent service free when you form an LLC with them. 

Step 3: File A Massachusetts LLC Certificate of Organization

It’s time to officially form your LLC by filing your Certificate of Organization with the Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth.

You can file online with the Secretary of the Commonwealth or fill out a hard copy of MA Certificate of Organization and mail it in. The filing fee is $500. 

Recommended: Now is a good time to decide if your LLC will be member-managed vs manager-managed.

You'll need to know the following information to complete each Article:

  1. Entity Name and Address
  2. Registered Agent Name and Registered Office Address
  3. Manager Information
  4. Business Purpose

For more detailed help with completing the form, visit our Massachusetts Certificate of Organization guide.

Mail Your Certificate of Organization:

Send the form and payment (payable to the Secretary of the Commonwealth) to:

Secretary of the Commonwealth
One Ashburton Place, Room 1717
Boston, MA 02108

How long does it take to get an LLC approved? LLC processing time is 4 hours online post-payment, or 4 to 5 business days by mail. Expedited filings are also available.

Step 4: Create A Massachusetts LLC Operating Agreement

Creating a Massachusetts LLC operating agreement is the only way to legally lock down your LLC’s management and ownership structure. Having this document in place will give you something to return to if a dispute or lawsuit arises. 

Even single-member LLCs benefit from having an operating agreement.

Your operating agreement should outline the following:

  • Each member’s responsibilities
  • How new members will be admitted
  • How existing members may transfer or terminate their membership
  • How profits and dividends will be distributed

You can add as many provisions as you want, as long as they don't conflict with Massachusetts business law. Take a look at our What is an Operating Agreement guide to learn more.

Download a template or create a custom Free Operating Agreement using our tool.

Step 5: Get an EIN

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is like a Social Security number (SSN) for your company. The IRS and the state of Massachusetts will use this number to track your business activity.

Your EIN will come in handy when it’s time to:

  • Open a business bank account
  • File Federal and State taxes
  • Hire employees

The best way to get an EIN for your LLC in Massachusetts is by using the free online application on the IRS website.

Read our Get an EIN guide for instructions.

Steps After Forming an LLC

After forming your LLC, it's important to:

Need Help Forming an LLC?

Read our Best LLC Services review to learn more about pricing and packages.

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