Form An LLC
Step 1) Verify & Secure Your LLC Name
First off, in order to launch a successful Connecticut LLC, you need to give it the right name. Your business name needs to be catchy for branding purposes and legitimate for legal purposes. We go into depth on this topic in our LLC naming guide, but we’ll go over the legal basics below.
Legally, your business name must:
- Contain the words limited liability company, limited company, or the abbreviation LLC or L.L.C.
- Not contain restricted words or phrases (these often include words like bank, attorney, and university) without proper approval.
- Be distinguishable from any other entity or trade name registered in Connecticut. The related legislation provides a bit more detail.
If you’re having trouble coming up with a name that captures your brand, don’t let that stop you from forming your LLC. For now, you can focus on the legal requirements and consider applying for a DBA (doing business as) name after you’ve nailed down your branding.
What To Do:
Once you’ve decided what you’d like to call your LLC in Connecticut, do a business name search to find out whether or not it’s in the cards. If your business name is available, you’ll be able to lock it down when you file your Certificate of Organization.
Quick Note: Before you commit 100% to a name, you should see if there’s a decent URL available. Use GoDaddy to search for your options. If there’s a quality domain name for purchase, we advise buying it right away because even if launching a business website isn’t on your radar right now, it’s going to be soon.
Step 2) Appoint A Connecticut Registered Agent
When you file your Certificate of Organization, you will be asked to appoint a Connecticut registered agent.
Your registered agent will be responsible for receiving important legal documents like tax forms and service of process notices on behalf of your LLC. Your registered agent can be an individual resident of the state or a company that’s legally authorized to represent businesses in Connecticut.
Connecticut does give you the option to act as your own registered agent, but many business owners choose to appoint a professional instead. Here are a few things to think about before you decide to act as your own:
- You’ll have to maintain normal (9 am - 5 pm) business hours at the address you provide.
- If you run your business from home, you’ll be required to make your personal address public.
- You must keep up on important notices, dates, and deadlines.
- You could be served in front of your family or coworkers.
Step 3) File Your Certificate Of Organization
Congratulations on getting to this step! Once you’re through filing your Certificate of Organization, you’ll be a legitimate Connecticut LLC. But before you start celebrating, let’s take a look at some of the information this document will ask for:
- The filing party (who and where to send the confirmation to)
- Your business’ name and principal address
- Your registered agent’s full name, business address and residence address
- Manager or member information
- The name and signature of the organizer(s)
What To Do:
If you choose to file a hard copy, you’ll mail the completed document and a $120.00 check to the following address:
Commercial Recording Division
P.O. Box 150470
Hartford, CT 06115-0470
Or physically bring it to this address:
Commercial Recording Division
30 Trinity St.
Hartford, CT 06106
If you’d rather take care of this step online, Connecticut also offers online filing.
Sure, you can handle this step on your own, but we still recommend considering the help of an LLC formation service. Why? Not only will they take the reins and make sure you file everything properly, but they’ll also provide other necessary products and services at very competitive prices.
One great option is IncFile. In addition to great service, they give you a free year of registered agent service when you sign up.
Step 4) Draft An Operating Agreement
Creating an LLC operating agreement is the only way for you and your members to fully define your roles and lock down your LLC’s management and ownership structure. Having this document in place will also give you all something to return to if a dispute or lawsuit arises.
Your operating agreement should outline the following:
- each member’s responsibilities
- how new members will be admitted
- how existing members may transfer or terminate their membership
- how profits and dividends are to be distributed
From there, you can add as many provisions as you want, provided they are not in conflict with Connecticut business law. To access a free operating agreement and learn more about how this document works in Connecticut, click here.
Step 5) Get An EIN
The Employer Identification Number (EIN), or Federal Tax Identification Number, is essentially a social security number for your company. State and federal agencies use this number to track your business activity.
Your EIN will come in handy when it’s time to:
- Open a business bank account
- File Federal and State taxes
- Hire employees
We think the best way to get an EIN is by using the free online application on the IRS website. We prefer this method because it's the most efficient, but you can apply by phone, fax, or mail. You can read through our guide to find out how.
Maintain Your LLC's Personal Asset Protection
Using dedicated business banking and credit accounts is essential for personal asset protection.
Now that you’ve made it through the formation process for your LLC, you’ll need to take steps to protect your personal assets and establish your business as an independent entity.
When your personal and business accounts are mixed, your personal assets (your home, car, and other valuables) are at risk in the event your LLC is sued. In business law, this is referred to as piercing your corporate veil.
You can go a long way in protecting your assets with these three steps:
1. Open a business bank account.
A business bank account separates your personal assets from your company's assets, which is necessary for personal asset protection. A designated business bank account also makes accounting and tax filing easier.
Get $200 when you open a business checking account with Chase.
2. Get a business credit card.
A business credit card helps you separate personal and business expenses. A business credit card will also build your company's credit history, which can be useful to raise capital later on.
3. Designate an authorized representative.
Make sure all documents are signed by a representative of your LLC and not by you (or other LLC members) directly. This will help separate you from liability incurred by the LLC.
Reduce the Liability of Your LLC
Business insurance helps you manage risk and focus on growing your business. Carrying the right coverage protects your LLC from liability and keeps you safe in the event of a loss.
The most common types of business insurance are:
- General Liability Insurance: A broad insurance policy that protects your business from lawsuits. Most small businesses get general liability insurance.
- Professional Liability Insurance: A business insurance for professional service providers (consultants, accountants, etc.) that covers claims of malpractice and other business errors.
There are free services available that quickly assess your business’s insurance needs. These services suggest customized policies with various insurance carriers so that you can choose the best value. One such reliable service is CoverWallet.
You can reduce your LLC’s liability by being fully compliant with employment laws such as:
- Verifying new employees are allowed to work in the US.
- Reporting employees as "new hires" to the state.
- Withholding employee taxes.
- Printing compliance posters and placing them in visible areas of your workspace.
If you plan to hire employees, you might also be required to invest in Workers' Compensation Insurance. This type of policy provides coverage for employee job-related illnesses, injuries, or loss of life.
Find out more information from the Connecticut Department of Labor website.
As a new LLC, you will need to stay compliant with permits, licenses, taxes, and state filings. This is serious business; failure to comply can lead to fines, tax penalties, and dissolution (the end) of your LLC.
Business Licenses and Permits
To operate your LLC, you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. The details of business licenses and permits vary from state to state, so make sure you research carefully and plan accordingly.
Find out how to obtain necessary licenses and permits for your business or have a professional business licensing service do it for you:
Federal: Use the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) guide.
Local: Contact your local county clerk and ask about local licenses and permits.
This certificate allows a business to collect sales tax on taxable sales.
Sales tax, also called "Sales and Use Tax," is a tax levied by states, counties, and municipalities on business transactions involving the exchange of certain taxable goods or services.
Here’s a sales tax guide to find out more.
If you have employees in Connecticut, you will need to register for Unemployment Insurance Tax through the Connecticut Department of Labor. You will also need to sign up for Employee Withholding Tax through the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services.
Connecticut requires all LLCs to file an annual report. If you miss state filings like the annual report, you could face fines or even automatic dissolution. A quality registered agent service, like IncFile, can help protect your assets by keeping track of filing requirements for you.
Or mail to:
Secretary of State of Connecticut
P.O. Box 150470
Harford, CT 06115-0470
Or deliver to:
Secretary of State of Connecticut
30 Trinity Street
Hartford, CT 06106
Due Date: Due between January 1st and March 31st of every year.
Late Filings: Connecticut does not charge late fees if you miss your filing deadline but will revoke your "good standing" status with the state. Connecticut may dissolve your LLC after 1 year for failure to file an annual report.
Reduce Administrative Burden
There will be many demands on your time once you start your business. With that in mind, it’s a good idea to streamline your workflow and reduce administrative overhead from the get-go. The two most important business tasks to get help with are:
Getting your books in order right up front will save you headaches in the future. At the very least, you can have a professional setup your bookkeeping and accounting for you. This will save you money and time in the long run.
There are all-in-one services that will do your bookkeeping/invoicing/tax filing for you all for one monthly fee. Mazuma ($95/month) is a reliable all in one tax service.
If you have employees, a payroll service will save you a lot of time and also save you from having to become an expert on state compliance or employee tax withholdings and filings.
Gusto is a reliable and good payroll service for small businesses.
Need Help Forming an LLC?
If you’ve got the time and energy, you may be able to handle the Connecticut LLC formation process on your own.
That being said, many entrepreneurs opt for professional help to make sure nothing slips through the cracks. If you’d like some help forming an LLC in Connecticut, read through our reviews of three of the most popular services available!
Note that this guide for forming a Connecticut LLC isn’t a legal document or legal advice. It’s for informational purposes and the information above is subject to change. For specific legal questions regarding how to form an LLC in Connecticut, consult with a business attorney.