Use the guide below to form a 501(c)(3) nonprofit in Texas. Keep in mind that the process requires forming a nonprofit corporation and getting tax-exempt status with the IRS.
Since the overall process is extremely complex, we highly recommend consulting with an attorney or using a service like Harbor Compliance for personalized top-to-bottom nonprofit formation and obtaining IRS 501(c)(3) status.
The first step is to secure the name. There are no requirements for designators like Inc., but there are some restrictions if you want to use certain identifiers. Also, the name you choose should be unique, unlike any registered business entity of any kind. Here’s a few resources:
A Registered Agent is an individual citizen of Texas or recognized/registered business entity in the state with a street address (typically non-P.O. Box) responsible for receiving and helping to handle/process all official documents on your nonprofit’s behalf like state filings, legal notices, important tax forms, etc.
That said, you can hire a third party service and pay up to $160 a year or get an qualified registered agent free of charge when you incorporate with Harbor Compliance (see details).
An incorporator is the individual(s) responsible for executing the Certificate of Formation (Step 5) with the state which declares the basics of your entity for the public record (including your brand name). Texas only requires one. Then, if your nonprofit is run by directors vs. members, you’ll need to appoint at least 3 directors that oversees the nonprofit until your initial meeting (Step 7) where official directors can be voted on.
This part can be somewhat complex because of the legal/tax nature of nonprofits which is why it’s a good idea to either hire the best nonprofit lawyer you can afford or work with professional service providers. They can help you understand the ins and outs of choosing initial directors and so much more depending on your needs and who you have on your team/board.
In order to become an incorporated not-for-profit business entity (vs. unincorporated and zero legal protection), your brand will need official bylaws which not only govern the way it’s run but also provides a path to where it’s headed!
To get started, check out a savvy Bylaws Template so you can get an idea for how they’re structured and how you can begin customizing the default corporate form to suit your nonprofit. For further details on other information to be included in the Certificate of Formation, refer to provisions stipulated in BOC Sections 3.005 and 3.009.
Once you and your team decide it’s time to form the initial corporation, file your nonprofit Certificate of Formation with the state by mail, fax, or in-person. Plenty of further instructions are on the form, but the basic information asked should include:
Filing Fee: $25
Where will your nonprofit keep a record of all it’s critical paperwork so it can quickly show state or federal agencies that it’s organized and being run in a legal way? For example, if there was an audit. Along with “the cloud” and conventional filing cabinet folders, we advise having a physical records book as well.
This is where to keep copies of your Texas registration documents, major transactions, licenses and permits, minutes of meetings, important contracts, etc. You can find them at nearby office supply stores, grab one online through Amazon, or get sleek beautiful Corporate Kits which include records books/binders you can brand for as little as $99.
Now it’s time to conduct your first nonprofit meeting which is going to be very organizational/foundational in nature. Don’t forget to record “minutes” of the meeting and have it signed by all attending directors. Here’s a Corporate Minutes Template to get the ball rolling. The Agenda should look something like this:
Those are the basics, but depending on the nature of your nonprofit and how many members/directors are at the meeting there could be a lot more to discuss. It’s a huge move in the right direction though, so celebrate afterwards!
What’s an EIN? For all legally registered business entities, as well as nonprofit entities, they are a 9-digit federal “Employer Identification Number.” It’s used to track your business activity to ensure compliance, allow you to set up an official bank account, legally hire team members/employees, and so on.
While in the past it used to be a bit of a pain, these days you can get one quick, free, and easy by submitting an application online directly through the IRS Website.
Now’s the point to ensure your nonprofit is 100% compliant in terms of not only licenses/permits, but state and federal taxes. You should be able to apply for tax exempt status now that the corporation is established.
Also, you might want to bookmark the Dallas/Fort Worth (or another closer one) district office of the Small Business Administration and Sec. of State’s SOSDirect site as they’re going to have tons of valuable information and connections.
When you form a nonprofit, it’s very important to keep all personal and business assets/accounts completely separate. So don’t take this lightly. Where should you start building the financial persona of your project/initiative? Who is offering the best overall services to corporate/nonprofit clients, relative to location and other conveniences?
If you think it’ll be helpful, look into this short breakdown of Business Checking Accounts to start brushing up if all this is unfamiliar territory. Where your nonprofit banks is a critical move, which is why it should be discussed at length in your initial meeting.
If you’d like help forming a 501(c)(3) Nonprofit In Texas, we highly recommend looking into Harbor Compliance for personalized top-to-bottom nonprofit formation and obtaining IRS 501(c)(3) status.