Use the guide below to form a 501(c)(3) nonprofit in Michigan. Keep in mind that the process requires forming a nonprofit corporation and getting tax-exempt status with the IRS.
Since the overall process is extremely complex, we highly recommend consulting with an attorney or using a service like Harbor Compliance for personalized top-to-bottom nonprofit formation and obtaining IRS 501(c)(3) status.
In Michigan, the first step to forming a nonprofit corporation is naming it. Some rules for your nonprofit name are that it must be distinguishable from any registered Michigan entity name, and cannot deceive about the organization’s purpose. (See this page of the Michigan LARA website for more information.)
Be sure to conduct a business entity search through the state to check for naming conflicts. If you don’t want to wait to lock down your name until filing the Articles of Incorporation (Step 5), you can reserve it for 6 months.
Filing Fee: $10
Quick Note: Before you commit 100% to a name, you may also want to check that there’s a decent URL available for your organization. Use GoDaddy to search your options. If there’s a quality domain name for purchase, we advise buying it right away. Even if launching a website isn’t on your radar right now, it’s going to be soon, and you might as well nail down a domain name now.
When starting a nonprofit, you are required to designate a registered agent to handle official documents on behalf of your organization. They must be a resident of Michigan, or a business entity that’s registered with the state. Either way, they must have a physical MI address where they’re available during normal business hours (Monday through Friday, 9 am to 5 pm).
You can designate a registered agent by electing someone within your company, hiring an outside professional, or forming your nonprofit through a service like Harbor Compliance to get a registered agent free of charge for one year (see details)!
By definition, all an incorporator does is sign and “execute” the Articles of Incorporation and submit them to the state. You’ll need to appoint at least one. As for initial directors, you’ll need to select a minimum of three. It’ll be their job to oversee the nonprofit until your first board meeting when official directors will be voted in (learn more).
If this is all brand new to you, check out the Board Roles & Responsibilities page from the National Council of Nonprofits for more information. Working with an attorney or incorporation provider really comes in handy during this foundational step since there are a lot of corporate formalities involved.
Without bylaws, your nonprofit will be subject to the default rules and statutes set by the state, which may not suit the circumstances of your organization at all.
Common nonprofit bylaw topics include:
Scroll through the MI Nonprofit Act for some finer details on what you’ll need to include in your bylaws. To get started on drafting them, consider using one of our top-recommended corporate bylaws templates.
Once you and your team decide it’s time to officially form the nonprofit corporation, you’ll need to file nonprofit Articles of Incorporation with the state.
Some of the information you’ll need to disclose on this document includes:
Download the Articles of Incorporation and fill them out with great attention to detail. Once you’re through, you can submit them by mail or in-person at one of the addresses provided in the “Information and Instructions” section of the form.
Filing Fee: $20
While not required by law, this is a very common practice among both nonprofit and for-profit corporations. Your corporate records book is where you’ll keep all critical documents (including registration papers, licenses and permits, meeting minutes, etc.) to ensure you’re well-organized and fully compliant.
You can find a sufficient records binder at a nearby office supply store or on Amazon, but we’re huge fans of corporate kits, which include gorgeous branded pieces like engraved binders and embossing seals!
Now it’s time to conduct your first nonprofit meeting, which will be very organizational/foundational in nature.
The meeting agenda should look something like this:
These are some of the basics, but depending on the circumstances of your organization, you may have a whole lot more to discuss. Make sure to record meeting minutes and have them signed by all attending directors (use a corporate minutes template if you’re unfamiliar.)
An EIN, or Employer Identification Number, is required by both state and federal governments for essentially the same reason individuals are required to have SSNs.
The nine-digit number will be used to track your organization’s financial activity, and make it possible to open a business bank account and hire paid employees. Pretty much every major transaction your nonprofit engages in will require an EIN.
That said, you can get one easily and free of charge by applying online through the IRS Website.
Now’s the time to ensure your nonprofit is 100% compliant in terms of licenses/permits, as well as state and federal taxes. You should be able to apply for tax-exempt status now that the corporation is established.
We highly recommend leveraging the help of a business license research provider, attorney, or comprehensive nonprofit formation service like Harbor Compliance for this step. Applying for 501(c)(3) status is incredibly complex, and they’ll make sure everything goes smoothly.
As a nonprofit, you’re probably looking for financial utility and solutions geared toward your needs – low fees, waived expenses, online banking options, decent interest rates and other valuable services.
So, take some time to shop around local, state and national banks/credit unions until you find the best option for your organization. Regardless of where you choose to bank, make sure to keep your personal and professional expenses totally separate!
To get started on your research, check out our favorite business bank accounts.
If you’d like help forming a 501(c)(3) Nonprofit In Michigan, we highly recommend looking into Harbor Compliance for personalized top-to-bottom nonprofit formation and obtaining IRS 501(c)(3) status.