Forming a Corporation in West Virginia is easy, just follow these (7) steps:
Step 1: Create A Name For Your West Virginia Corporation
To secure and register your brand name it must be unique, not too similar to another registered name in West Virginia, and shouldn’t contain any restricted wording. To check, conduct a Business Entity Search through the Sec. of State, and if there are potential trademark issues conduct another quick search using the TESS System through the U.S. Patent Office.
Keep in mind your name must contain words like “Corporation,” “Incorporated,” “Company” or “Limited” or the abbreviations “Corp.,” “Inc.,” “Co.,” or “Ltd.”
Filing Fee: $15
Quick Note: Before you commit 100% to a name, you may also want to check that there’s a decent URL available for your business. Use GoDaddy to search your options. If there’s a quality domain name for purchase, we advise buying it right away. Even if launching a business website isn’t on your radar right now, it’s going to be soon, and you might as well nail down a domain name that’ll make it easy for customers to find you!
Step 2: Appoint A Registered Agent
A West Virginia Registered Agent can be an individual resident of the state or a legally registered domestic/foreign business entity with a physical street address and regular M-F business hours. On behalf of your brand they receive and help process important business documents like state filings, tax forms, legal notices and so on. They’re essential and required by law.
That said, you can hire 3rd party professional and expect to pay up to $160/year, or get an agent free of charge when you incorporate with Incfile or CorpNet. They handle this along with much more depending on your startup package.
Step 3: File the Articles of Incorporation
Once you have a registered agent and the company is ready to become an official business entity, file Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State. It comes with extensive directions and declares the basics of your brand for the public record including:
- Corporate name and address;
- Registered Agent name and address;
- The number of stock shares authorized for issuance;
- Each of the incorporator’s names and addresses, etc.
Filing Fee: $50
Step 4: Start A Corporate Records Book
Think of this as the hard copy record book where all critical corporate documents are kept like the Articles of Incorporation, Bylaws, meeting minutes, stock certificate ledger, stock certificates, stock certificate stubs, stock transfer documents, etc. It’s the ultimate company binder! They’re very common and while not necessary having one is highly recommended for all serious business entities.
Step 5: Choose The Business’s Initial Directors
Appoint at least 1 Director who among other things will oversee the West Virginia corporation until the first shareholder meeting where new directors will be voted in. Prepare an “Incorporator Statement” with complete names and addresses of each director and keep it in your records book. Once elected, an initial meeting should:
Step 6: Open A Business Bank Account
In your initial meeting you and the board should have discussed where to set up your corporation’s financial groundwork – where to bank. This is no simple matter. If you aren’t a/haven’t hired a qualified CFO or accountant, then you need to check out a good number of different local, state, and national banks as well as credit unions.
To get your research going, check out this short free quasi-guide to Business Checking Accounts from the more big bank perspective. It should help give you a basic idea of the numbers involved.
Step 7: Determine Business Licensing and Tax Obligations
As a legally operating corporation in West Virginia, you’re required to be 100% compliant with all relevant local/state/federal agencies. Ideally you should have an attorney or at least dedicate time to knocking this out yourself and doing the homework. That said, here are four resources to get started:
- Get an EIN, or Employer Identification Number, free and easy through the IRS website.
- Bookmark the Clarksburg Small Business Admin office and set up an account Business4WV.
- To form an S-Corp, submit Form 2553 with the IRS and be sure all board of directors have signed it.
- Consider professional business license research services that handle the legwork for you.
Need Help Creating Your Corporation?
Have A Professional Service Form Your Corporation For You
If you'd prefer to have a reliable service incorporate in West Virginia for you, here are the two most popular services:
- ZenBusiness ($49 + state fee) for basic & quick incorporation.
- LegalZoom ($149 + state fee) for the most popular incorporation service available.