Forming a Michigan Corporation is Easy
Forming a corporation in Michigan is a simple process that is achieved by filing the Articles of Incorporation with the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs. In the guide below, we will show you step-by-step how to start a corporation in Michigan.
Step 1: Create a Name For Your Michigan Corporation
When naming your Michigan Corporation, you will need to:
- Follow Michigan Name Requirements
- Complete a Name Search With the Michigan Secretary of State
- Consider Securing a Domain Name (URL)
To learn more, read our How to Name a Business in Michigan guide.
First, you will need to choose a name that complies with Michigan’s naming guidelines:
- Your name must contain the word “corporation,” “company,” “incorporated,” “limited” or an abbreviation of one of these terms.
- Your name must be distinguishable from any existing business in your state. This includes reserved names.
- Your name cannot imply that the corporation is organized for any purpose other than the one outlined in its articles of incorporation.
- Your name cannot use the words “bank,” “industrial bank,” “deposit,” “surety,” “security,” “trust,” or “trust company” or imply that the corporation is a banking, insurance, surety, or trust company without approval.
- Michigan has a long list of other restricted words that may require approval for your corporation to use in its name. The full list is provided by Michigan’s Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs.
You can also read the Michigan state statute about corporation naming guidelines for more information.
Name Search With the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs
You will need to check name availability by using the business entity search on Michigan’s LARA website.
This tool is also useful if you decide to register an assumed name or DBA (Doing Business As) for your company. For detailed information about setting up a DBA for your Michigan corporation, check out our How to File a DBA in Michigan guide.
If you have a name in mind, but you aren’t ready to officially form your corporation, you can reserve your name. Your business name can be reserved for six months by filing an Application for Reservation of Name with the Michigan Secretary of State.
The Application for Reservation of Name form can be filed online with the Michigan Corporations Online Filing System, or you can file the form by mail. There is a $10 fee to file your Michigan Name Reservation.
Secure Domain Name
We recommend checking to see if your business name is available as a web domain (URL). Even if you don't plan to make a business website today, you may want to buy the web address in order to prevent others from acquiring it. It’s free to search.
Step 2: Choose a Michigan Registered Agent
When you file your Michigan Articles of Incorporation, you will be asked to give the name of your Michigan registered agent. In Michigan, a registered agent is also called a resident agent.
A registered agent is a person or entity that accepts tax and legal documents on behalf of your LLC or corporation. Your registered agent can be an individual resident of the state or a company that’s legally authorized to represent businesses in Michigan.
To learn more about registered agents, read our What is a Registered Agent guide.
Step 3: Choose Your Michigan Corporation’s Initial Directors
You must appoint at least one director who, among other things, will oversee your Michigan corporation until the first shareholder meeting.
The directors of a corporation are in charge of the adoption, amendment, and repeal of bylaws as well as the supervision, election, and removal of officers.
Later you will prepare an “Incorporator Statement” with complete names and addresses of each director and keep it in your corporate records book.
Step 4: File the Articles of Incorporation
Now that you have chosen a registered agent and at least one director, it’s time to make your corporation official by filing an Articles of Incorporation form with the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs.
This document will disclose some basics of your business for the public record, including:
- Corporate name, and statement of purpose
- Corporate resident agent name and street address
- Number of authorized shares corporation is allowed to issue
- Relative rights, preferences, and limitations of the shares
- Incorporators’ names and addresses
Filing Fee: The filing fee depends on the number of authorized shares of the corporation. There is a flat fee of $10, plus:
- 1-60,000 shares: $50
- 60,001-1,000,000 shares: $100
- 1,000,001-5,000,000 shares: $300
- 5,000,001-10,000,000 shares: $500
- More than 10,000,000 shares: $500 for first 10,000,000 plus $1000 for each additional 10,000,000, or portion thereof
Submit the completed Articles of Incorporation, along with the filing fee, using one of three options.
Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs
Corporations, Securities & Commercial Licensing Bureau
P.O. Box 30054
Lansing, MI 48909
Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs
2501 Woodlake Circle
Okemos, MI 48864
Michigan Corporation Operating Procedures and Housekeeping
Set Up a Corporate Records Book
Think of this as the hard-copy record book where all critical corporate documents are kept, like your Articles of Incorporation, bylaws, meeting minutes, stock certificate ledger, stock transfer documents, etc.
You should keep the corporate records book at your principal location. Corporate records book kits can be purchased online, or you can use a large generic binder to store your records.
Prepare Bylaws for Your Michigan Corporation
Bylaws are the rules that determine how your organization will be governed and run.
You can think about the bylaws as a constitution for your corporation. It makes the rules and priorities clear for everyone involved.
In your bylaws, be sure to include:
- How the corporation will be governed – the role of directors and officers
- How meetings are held, voting procedures, electing officers or directors
- How records will be kept and managed
- How disputes will be handled
- How bylaws will be added/amended in the future
NOTE: A corporation’s bylaws will supplement any rules set forth by the federal government or the state.
Ready to get started? Check out these bylaws templates which you can customize to suit the needs of your incorporated business.
Conduct Your First Board of Directors Meeting
An organizational meeting is the first official meeting of your corporation.
These are some of the things that are discussed in a typical organizational meeting:
- Taking attendance to show you have a quorum (minimum number needed)
- Appointing temporary officers, chairmen, secretary, etc.
- Adoption of the bylaws
- Adoption of conflict of interest policy
Don’t forget to record “minutes” of the meeting and have it signed by all attending directors. Here are some corporate minutes templates to help you get the ball rolling.
Protect Your Assets and Stay Compliant
Get an EIN
The Employer Identification Number (EIN), or Federal Tax Identification Number, is used to identify a business entity. It is essentially a social security number for the company.
Why do I need an EIN? An EIN is required for the following:
- To open a business bank account for the company
- For Federal and State tax purposes
- To hire employees for the company
To learn more about EINs, read our What is an EIN guide.
Open a Bank Account For Your Michigan Corporation
There are two critical reasons to open a unique corporate bank account.
The first is that separating your personal assets from your business assets adds another layer of protection in the event that your business is sued.
The second is that syncing a single account with business accounting software will make managing your finances much easier.
To begin your research, check out the breakdown of our favorite business checking accounts.
You can get $200 when you open a Chase business checking account with qualifying activities. Learn more.
Research Business License Requirements
To operate your corporation, you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. The details of business licenses and permits vary from state to state, so make sure to research carefully and plan accordingly.
Find out how to obtain necessary licenses and permits for your business or have a professional business licensing service do it for you:
What is an S Corporation?
An S Corporation (S corp) is an incorporated business that is taxed as a pass-through entity. This means that S corps do not pay federal taxes on their business income. Instead, the business profits "pass-through" to the owners of the S corp, who are also known as shareholders. Then, the shareholders pay income tax and report their share of the profits in the form of salaries on their individual tax returns, which are then taxed.
In order to elect an S corporation status for tax purposes, corporations will need to file form 2553 Election by a Small Business Corporation. The form must be signed by all shareholders and must be filed within two months and 15 days after the start of the initial tax year.
To learn more, read our What is an S corporation guide.
Need Help Creating Your Michigan Corporation?
Have a Professional Service Form Your Michigan Corporation For You
If you'd prefer to have a reliable service incorporate in Michigan for you, here are two we recommend: